Reply To: Week 6 – Discussion Board 2

Welcome To Interpreters Associates, Inc. Forums Week 6 – Discussion Board 2 Reply To: Week 6 – Discussion Board 2

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Sara Abbasova # Posted on October 12, 2022 at 11:53 am

The pituitary gland is a small endocrine gland which is located below the hypothalamus in the brain. Its role is to secrete hormones and control the function of many other endocrine glands, it is commonly referred to as the master gland. The pituitary gland is also referred to as the hypophysis and is divided in two main sections: the anterior pituitary (front lobe) and the posterior pituitary (back lobe); it’s connected to the hypothalamus through the infundibulum (or the pituitary stalk which are blood vessels). The anterior lobe produces ACTH (stimulates adrenal glands to produce cortisol), FSH (stimulates sperm production), GH (simulates growth in children, helps maintain healthy bones and muscles in adults), LH (stimulates ovulation), prolactin (stimulates breast milk production) and TSH (stimulates the thyroid to produce hormones to manage metabolism, nervous system, and energy levels). The posterior lobe releases ADH (an antidiuretic hormone that regulates the sodium levels and water balance) and oxytocin (helps females in labor by sending signals for the uterus to contract, breast milk to flow and helps in the bonding between mother and baby; helps makes in moving sperm).
A person can live without a pituitary gland if they take medication to replace the hormones that they are missing.
The hormones that the pituitary gland produces and releases have effects, especially on the adrenal glands, reproductive organs, and the thyroid. The size of the gland is less than a gram and it is about the size of a pea.
Conditions related to the gland are empty sella syndrome, pituitary adenomas, hypopituitarism, and hyperpituitarism.
The best way to keep the gland healthy is to take care of the brain and prevent heat injuries.