Reply To: Week 6- Discussion Board 1

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Soila Morales # Posted on October 11, 2022 at 10:37 am

The female reproductive system provides several functions. The ovaries produce the egg cells, called the ova or oocytes. The oocytes are then transported to the fallopian tube where fertilization by sperm may occur. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, where the uterine lining has thickened in response to the normal hormones of the reproductive cycle. Once in the uterus, the fertilized egg can implant into thickened uterine lining and continue to develop. If implantation does not take place, the uterine lining is shed as menstrual flow. In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle.

During menopause, the female reproductive system gradually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work. At this point, menstrual cycles can become irregular and eventually stop. One year after menstrual cycles stop, the woman is considered to be menopausal.

The female reproductive anatomy includes both external and internal structures.

The function of the external female reproductive structures is twofold: To enable sperm to enter the body and to protect the internal genital organs from infectious organisms.

The main external structures of the female reproductive system include:

-Labia majora: The labia majora enclose and protect the other external reproductive organs.

-Labia minora: The labia minora can have a variety of sizes and shapes.

-Bartholin’s glands: These glands are located next to the vaginal opening on each side and produce a fluid secretion.

-Clitoris: The two labia minora meet at the clitoris, a small, sensitive protrusion that is comparable to the penis in males.

The male reproductive system includes a group of organs that make up a man’s reproductive and urinary system. These organs do the following jobs within your body:

-They produce, maintain and transport sperm and semen.

-They discharge sperm into the female reproductive tract.

-They produce and secrete male sex hormones.

The male reproductive system is made up of internal and external parts. Together, these organs help you urinate, have sexual intercourse and have children. The entire male reproductive system is dependent on hormones. These are chemicals that stimulate or regulate the activity of your cells or organs. Most of the male reproductive system is located outside of your abdominal cavity or pelvis. The external parts of the male reproductive system include the penis, the scrotum and the testicles.

Penis

The penis is the male organ for sexual intercourse. It has three parts:

The root

The body or shaft

The glans

You also have the Scrotum, the scrotum is the loose pouch-like sac of skin that hangs behind the penis, it holds the testicles, The testicles are oval organs about the size of very large olives that lie in the scrotum and lastly you have the Epididymis, the epididymis is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. It carries and stores sperm cells that are created in the testicles.