Reply To: Week 5 – Discussion Board 2

Welcome To Interpreters Associates, Inc. Forums Week 5 – Discussion Board 2 Reply To: Week 5 – Discussion Board 2

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Angela Mayfield # Posted on October 11, 2022 at 8:15 am

Throughout an organism’s body, there are many diverse cells that perform various functions. An example of a cell type is nerve cells, which aid in transmitting signals from the central nervous system to the rest of the body. Nerve cells are also called neurons. Neurons are present all over your body, especially in your brain and spinal cord. Nerves, together with your brain and spinal cord, are the foundation of your nervous system. Cells within the nervous system, called neurons, communicate with each other in unique ways. The neuron is the basic working unit of the brain, a specialized cell designed to transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells. Each neuron has three basic parts: cell body (soma), one or more dendrites, and a single axon.

Most neurons have a cell body, an axon, and dendrites. The cell body contains the nucleus and cytoplasm. The axon extends from the cell body and often gives rise to many smaller branches before ending at nerve terminals. Dendrites extend from the neuron cell body and receive messages from other neurons. Synapses are the contact points where one neuron communicates with another. The dendrites are covered with synapses formed by the ends of axons from other neurons.