Reply To: Week 5 – Discussion Board 2

Welcome To Interpreters Associates, Inc. Forums Week 5 – Discussion Board 2 Reply To: Week 5 – Discussion Board 2

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Betty Oliver-Pinto # Posted on October 10, 2022 at 9:34 pm

The nervous system cells are called neurons. They have three parts that are distinct, they are a cell body, axon, and dendrites. These parts assist them to transport and retrieve signals that are chemical and electrical.

The cell body is also known as a soma, this is the cell body and is the core section of the neuron. The cell body holds genetic information, it keeps the neurons, and gives the energy to drive the activity. Just as any other cell body a neuron soma has a nucleus and specialized organelles.

The axon consists of a thin fiber that goes from a neuron, or nerve cell, and has the responsibility of transmitting electrical signals to help with sensory perception and movement. Each axon is surrounded by a myelin sheath, a fatty layer that insulates the axon and helps it transmit signals over long distances.

The dendrites get their input from many other neurons and transport those signals to the cell body. If stimulated enough, a neuron fires an action potential — an electrical impulse that then stimulates other neurons. Large networks of these neurons communicate with each other to generate thoughts and behavior.

As we know the nervous system is a very important part of the human body as it plays a role in nearly every aspect of our health and well-being. As the nervous system is what controls our everyday activities like waking up it controls our automatic activities like breathing blinking and more complex like thinking emotions remember and reading as breathing; and complex processes such as thinking, reading, remembering, and emotions. It also controls brain development.